Jharkhand is a newly born state and it came into existence on 15th November 2000 as the 28th state of the Indian union. It spreads tantalizingly over Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana. Dumka is one of the oldest districts of Jharkhand state under Santhal Pargana. This homeland of tribal is full of stunning landscapes, majestic mountains, verdant valleys and serpentine rivers.Dumka District is at 86 16" North latitude and 87 15" East longitude. It is situated at the height of 472 ft from the sea level. It The District has an area of 3716.02 Sq.KM. and consists of only one sub division namely Dumka. Under Dumka sub division, there are 10 blocks namely Dumka, Gopikander, Jama, Jarmundi, Kathikund, Masaliya, Ramgarh, Raneshwar, Shikaripara and Saraiyahat.Dumka has predominantly undulating terrain with hard rocks in the underground. Entire District has a topography with high ridges and valleys bounded by mountains and rivers. The fertility of soil is poor due to extensive erosion, acidic character and low retaining capacity.